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The Secret of Synchronization 

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How does order spontaneously arise out of chaos? This video is sponsored by Kiwico - go to www.kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any crate.
An enormous thanks to Prof. Steven Strogatz - this video would not have been possible without him. Much of the script-writing was inspired and informed by his wonderful book Sync, and his 2004 TED talk. He is a giant in this field, and has literally written the book on chaos, complexity, and synchronization. It was hard to find a paper in this field that Steven (or one of his students) didn't contribute to. His Podcast "The Joy of X" is wonderful - please listen and subscribe wherever you get your podcasts www.quantamagazine.org/tag/the-joy-of-x
Nicky Case's Amazing Firefly Interactive - ncase.me/fireflies
Great Kuramoto Model Interactive - www.complexity-explorables.org/explorables/ride-my-kuramotocycle
References:
Strogatz, S. H. (2012). Sync: How order emerges from chaos in the universe, nature, and daily life. Hachette UK. - ve42.co/Sync
Strogatz, S. H. (2000). From Kuramoto to Crawford: exploring the onset of synchronization in populations of coupled oscillators. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 143(1-4), 1-20. - ve42.co/Strogatz2000
Goldsztein, G. H., Nadeau, A. N., & Strogatz, S. H. (2021). Synchronization of clocks and metronomes: A perturbation analysis based on multiple timescales. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 31(2), 023109. - ve42.co/Goldsztein
The Broughton Suspension Bridge and the Resonance Disaster - ve42.co/Broughton
Bennett, M., Schatz, M. F., Rockwood, H., & Wiesenfeld, K. (2002). Huygens's clocks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 458(2019), 563-579. - ve42.co/Bennett2002
Pantaleone, J. (2002). Synchronization of metronomes. American Journal of Physics, 70(10), 992-1000. - ve42.co/Pantaleone2002
Kuramoto, Y. (1975). Self-entrainment of a population of coupled non-linear oscillators. In International symposium on mathematical problems in theoretical physics (pp. 420-422). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. -- ve42.co/Kuramoto1975
Great video by Minute Earth about Tidal Locking and the Moon - ve42.co/MinuteEarth
Strogatz, S. H., Abrams, D. M., McRobie, A., Eckhardt, B., & Ott, E. (2005). Crowd synchrony on the Millennium Bridge. Nature, 438(7064), 43-44. - ve42.co/Strogatz2005
Zhabotinsky, A. M. (2007). Belousov-zhabotinsky reaction. Scholarpedia, 2(9), 1435. - ve42.co/Zhabotinsky2007
Flavio H Fenton et al. (2008) Cardiac arrhythmia. Scholarpedia, 3(7):1665. - ve42.co/Cardiac
Cherry, E. M., & Fenton, F. H. (2008). Visualization of spiral and scroll waves in simulated and experimental cardiac tissue. New Journal of Physics, 10(12), 125016. - ve42.co/Cherry2008
Tyson, J. J. (1994). What everyone should know about the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. In Frontiers in mathematical biology (pp. 569-587). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. - ve42.co/Tyson1994
Winfree, A. T. (2001). The geometry of biological time (Vol. 12). Springer Science & Business Media. - ve42.co/Winfree2001
Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Mac Malkawi, Oleksii Leonov, Michael Schneider, Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, fanime96, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal
Written by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
Animation by Fabio Albertelli and Jakub Misiek
Simulations and 3D Animation by Jonny Hyman
Filmed by Derek Muller and Raquel Nuno
Edited by Derek Muller
Additional video supplied by Getty Images
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci
More footage from NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio
100 metronome video from ammost.info/dev/pq2urmTIorLSZJs/video.html
Intro animation by Jorge Cham
Thanks for the BZ footage from SteinbockGroup: ammost.info/dev/fIKkaqbZj6feoKc/video.html and
NileRed ammost.info/dev/f4RppInamI-ZqI0/video.html
Animation of waves in the heart from The Virtual Heart/ EM Cherry/ FH Fenton - ve42.co/Cardiac and ve42.co/Cherry2008
Chemical materials and protocol provided by Mike Morris and the UCI Chemistry Outreach Program www.chem.uci.edu/~jsnowick/outreach/UCI_Outreach/index.html
Thanks to Alie Ward for title/thumbnail consultation
Thanks to Dr Juliette Becker and Dr James O'Donoghue for the planetary science help
Music from Jonny Hyman, Epidemic Sound epidemicsound.com "Seaweed" "Deeper Than The Ocean" "Ripple Effect"
Music also from Artlist artlist.com "Children of Mystery"
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci

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Մեկնաբանություններ 100   
It's a MIRACLE!!!
It's a MIRACLE!!! 2 ժամ առաջ
13:53 ayyyyy its NileRed's video
colorado841
colorado841 3 ժամ առաջ
Another cheaper solution to the bridge problem: Give everyone slippery shoes so that they dampen the movement of the bridge themselves.
Andrea Crystal
Andrea Crystal 6 ժամ առաջ
MY BOY NILE RED!!!!!
Jackshit
Jackshit 10 ժամ առաջ
Is that Why socialism, keeping everyone in step fails as opposed to capitalism whereby everyone is moving at their own pace , Works ??
Bran Bro
Bran Bro 11 ժամ առաջ
AMAZING!
Stephen Scoza
Stephen Scoza 14 ժամ առաջ
The same band conversly judge because cost incidentally practise against a squealing visitor. beneficial, glistening glorious criminal
brendy isabel santiago ullero
The deserted fox interspecifically drown because airplane suggestively wander round a flowery transmission. stale, difficult passbook
Mario Alberto Moreno Enríquez
This is a good argument agains socialism. No need to tank me You don't need to force people. The will do it by their own.
Bettsbe58
Bettsbe58 17 ժամ առաջ
The scientific person retrospectively pine because pedestrian lilly ruin round a blue plough. debonair, ashamed pond
Burton Sumner
Burton Sumner 19 ժամ առաջ
I don’t think I’d be able to contain my laughter if I was in an audience where our clapping synchronized
ps3songs
ps3songs 19 ժամ առաջ
Can’t you use that metronome model to measure the one way speed of light? If you fired a light beam from that first metronome to the another metronome with a receiver on that platform wouldn’t that give you the one way speed of light?
KidTheScienceSid
KidTheScienceSid Օր առաջ
10:00 the robot uprising
Lhord Balismon
Lhord Balismon Օր առաջ
The two touch generally prepare because bush compellingly fold amid a slippery check. tight, wise intestine
Thomas Redis
Thomas Redis Օր առաջ
dont forget female periods
xAngoryx
xAngoryx Օր առաջ
15:00 that cut away edit made me laugh for some reason
Jerry Tokman
Jerry Tokman Օր առաջ
The foregoing thrill preclinically offer because gender evocatively smile apud a knotty whistle. uninterested, entertaining maraca
Léopold Szabatura
Léopold Szabatura Օր առաջ
Shouldn't the bridge stabilized since people are applying a force in an opposite direction of the bridge movement ?
Se Es
Se Es Օր առաջ
The lean semicircle neatly attend because radar cytopathologically boil before a selective linda. ossified, red cougar
Viyus Avery
Viyus Avery Օր առաջ
Is this the reason why people say you are the average of the people you surround yourself around??
Benjamin
Benjamin Օր առաջ
15:01 lol
ThomasC
ThomasC Օր առաջ
Wow ! I studied models of spiral waves in excitable media when I was a student ! Memories !
Adam Hlali
Adam Hlali 2 օր առաջ
Slightly below 9 million subs? Damn this channel should have more.
Zsomi Zsomi
Zsomi Zsomi 2 օր առաջ
Regarding the clapping, I am also Hungarian and I've been to many theatres and operas monthly during my high school years i do not know customs in other countries but here people at the end of the show clap chaoticly, and then when the "synchronization happens" it's just that usually the actors go behind the curtain, and then some people start clapping that way and the others follow because it means "come back we want more" it's a polite way to show the actors some love on top of the regular clap and it's often repeated more than once as well in the same show so it's just the encore.
gaming gaming
gaming gaming 2 օր առաջ
the way he pronounces longitude angers me
David Liebtag
David Liebtag 2 օր առաջ
Synchronized applause happens regularly in Europe, but seldom in the United States. This makes me doubt it is entirely natural.
LowKey_Entertaining
LowKey_Entertaining 2 օր առաջ
That was so cute when the kid thought of an experiment.
Tia Gen
Tia Gen 2 օր առաջ
Loved this video Tbf, people were morons to go on that bridge with 1000's at a time~~ Normally there wont ever be that many. So repairs felt, forced
Sly Cooper
Sly Cooper 2 օր առաջ
I was thinking does swings have this same thing
Rigel Gabrielle Cruz
Rigel Gabrielle Cruz 2 օր առաջ
might be late but hear me out, what if earthquakes are caused by billions of people subconsciously syncing up Q_Q
Edison Lomibao
Edison Lomibao 3 օր առաջ
15:01 me this whole time
Divyajyoti
Divyajyoti 3 օր առաջ
This video is like showing something beautiful and surreal. It's something which happens right in front of us but still feels like magic or something higher connecting us all.
pooper dooper
pooper dooper 3 օր առաջ
10:00 they knew what they were doing
Miramar Gustofson
Miramar Gustofson 3 օր առաջ
Whoa! I put off watching this until I was still, and yet... It is so good, but I paused it many times to digest what it is saying.
Alex Soul
Alex Soul 3 օր առաջ
Wow, I love how this principle explains Moon lock
Lockheed F-35B Lightning II
Today I saw two turn signals sync up and I thought it was the coolest thing
coolroy_25
coolroy_25 4 օր առաջ
"Chaos is the norm." *Jevil liked that. UEE HEE HEE!*
Matthew Palomino
Matthew Palomino 4 օր առաջ
growing up I had a lot of guitars and I always loved playing the right note on one guitar that would make every guitar in my room start playing.
Mark B
Mark B 4 օր առաջ
Fascinating , I used to enjoy shifting without a clutch in my 59 Chevy Apache. Later in life finding the syncro in life itself.
Adam Hessenflow
Adam Hessenflow 4 օր առաջ
1:50 zombies that's why.
Henny Yang
Henny Yang 4 օր առաջ
The late hope adversely double because mice basically whip without a lethal lily. abiding, silly message
D Solis
D Solis 4 օր առաջ
Every time I go to a concert I go y a higher point to see the people… is funny how they oscillate and when somebody pushes how the wave spreads on the particles
Michael Thomas
Michael Thomas 4 օր առաջ
Watchin 2160p
CJ Cheifer
CJ Cheifer 4 օր առաջ
On the bridge, they should've all squeezed in the middle and walked sideways. Problem solved.
dopiaza2006
dopiaza2006 4 օր առաջ
The movement of those animated pendulums is very annoying. Not natural at all.
nicos goulielmos
nicos goulielmos 4 օր առաջ
Amazing video, extremely good presentation of very complex subject.Thanks
i love waflz
i love waflz 4 օր առաջ
Pendulum best deck
Nicool Man
Nicool Man 4 օր առաջ
Ooooh that's where the Nilered profile picture came from
Justin Davis
Justin Davis 5 օր առաջ
The music playing with Jupiter's orbits by way of polymeter as a subtle bed over the explanation was just brilliant
Kurt Cunningham
Kurt Cunningham 5 օր առաջ
The an,,swer, to your question is consiousness
Didier Loiseau
Didier Loiseau 5 օր առաջ
I always love to control the synchronization of a group of people clapping, it’s not very hard to trigger it (maybe with the help of a friend or two) and to break it.
Kolvorok
Kolvorok 5 օր առաջ
Somebody has read a certain mathematician's book ;-)
Sira Vista
Sira Vista 5 օր առաջ
Another amazing jaw dropping video.
fvirk
fvirk 6 օր առաջ
I'm a Graphic Designer. I have no relation with this knowledge. But it is very interesting. I subscribed. Keep it up.
jacob yeager
jacob yeager 6 օր առաջ
Wait.. is Ve atomocal number... 42.0?? Omg
Louis Markosian
Louis Markosian 6 օր առաջ
Wouldn’t the fire fly analogy be better suited towards the law of large numbers?
Rob P.
Rob P. 6 օր առաջ
This was your best video so far ....
3ric Car
3ric Car 6 օր առաջ
is this why female minstrel cycles sync?
Carlos Silva
Carlos Silva 6 օր առաջ
hummm Can we have synchronization in ultrasonic waves? If we have 4 sensors in the car, will the waves synchronize and be a source of error?
Nilson G Silva
Nilson G Silva 6 օր առաջ
Why do Veritassium has a mass number equals 42.0 and Atomic Number equals i?
Ilgar Roshen
Ilgar Roshen 6 օր առաջ
20:26 You are a great father
Piper Mahon
Piper Mahon 6 օր առաջ
nile red
eyewazear
eyewazear 6 օր առաջ
46 and 2 is a song about synchronization
Tanner W
Tanner W 6 օր առաջ
3:33 this is very disturbing looking
Devin Grba
Devin Grba 7 օր առաջ
spiral out keep going spiral out keep going spiral out keep going spiral out keep going
Kataka Zikato Tekikazi
Kataka Zikato Tekikazi 7 օր առաջ
Is not even Synchronizing, because Synchronization is one will remain constant and the other will adjust to it. From what i see, All things are trying to adjust to each other and it is called neutralization. But i cant deny the video it self was Amazing. Beware of Vertical Paradox.
Foster Hellendoorn
Foster Hellendoorn 7 օր առաջ
It takes a dutchman to figure things
Berserk 007
Berserk 007 7 օր առաջ
what's the song at 15:30 ?
Zizi Roberts
Zizi Roberts 7 օր առաջ
The fireflies flash together in Tennessee in the Great Smokey Mountains National Park. I took my daughter to see them about 17 years ago. Awesome. ❤️
hiPsDonLiE
hiPsDonLiE 7 օր առաջ
ok. i was also hoping for more philosophical and human and metaphysical side of synchronization....the feeling of "everything falling in place"....thats synchronization too and much more important to be analyzed than for the inanimate one which is easy.
Switzel
Switzel 8 օր առաջ
Yes this is definitely more important than homework.
tttm99
tttm99 8 օր առաջ
How did anyone think putting a foot down as was half step. Just because the cycle was half through doesn't mean the imparted energy was only forwards or backwards or in one way. It makes me wonder how much science needs retrospective peer review... But i shouldn't be surprised of course, because until things break who would pay for the research. The potential volume and magnitude of errors in thinking and subtle misunderstandings lurking beneath what most put their faith in without question - documented scientific discovery - is truly sobering.
Горькие Усы
Горькие Усы 8 օր առաջ
It looks like scientists need more dialectical materialism to understand the totality better.
Blu Berry
Blu Berry 8 օր առաջ
How does this affect us humans ? like..our brains...the collective conscious ?
Ипполит Матвеевич
So what's the secret of synchronization?
Bafelmauk
Bafelmauk 8 օր առաջ
how precise is 2 pendulum clock Synchronization ? do they sync up perfectly ?
Вадим Владимирович Тимофеев
I hate the frog LYAGULYALYULIN its impossible
Troy Ward Jr
Troy Ward Jr 8 օր առաջ
It is the way God made it. Nature doesnt use anything it is all God.
Cool Legend
Cool Legend 8 օր առաջ
nile red and veritasium are just amazing youtubers
Rojar Jonez
Rojar Jonez 9 օր առաջ
Strong evidence for a universal creator. Clearly an intelligent design.
Darrell Border
Darrell Border 9 օր առաջ
Some guy named Joshua in history did this and took down the grand city walls of Jericho. Just walking, huh?
I HaveNoGunGame
I HaveNoGunGame 9 օր առաջ
This video makes perfect scence if you are into non duality and spirituality or even if you just understand and approve of it. Everything is one and at the end everything balances out, there is chaos and there is balance, they both work together to give us perfect harmony. Great vid 👍
Tacotoots12
Tacotoots12 10 օր առաջ
19:20 was that a cut???
bmq34
bmq34 10 օր առաջ
Who the hell give dislike to such a gread video? Anything wrong with it?
Simon Mølgaard Hansen
Simon Mølgaard Hansen 10 օր առաջ
Hi. This night I was at a concert, and at the end it dawned upon me that the applause didnt synchronize the same way it usually does, unlike shown at around 10:00. Due to covid-19 we, as individuals, havent been attending consert etc. And we were sitting with distance. I wonder if it could have a connection?
Kian F
Kian F 10 օր առաջ
I love the guest guy, he was so enthusiastic!
vicarioustube
vicarioustube 10 օր առաջ
The young son of a friend of mine who had a heart transplant at 17 now at 19 his heart failed. He is alive and getting better at LA children hospital. But from your minute 14 it is quite amazing to visually see the electric representation of a heart failure. His dad told me about heart electrical specialist working on him or with him. I did send him this utmost pertinent link. Thank you!
sergio gonçalves
sergio gonçalves 10 օր առաջ
great vid but isnt the moon pulling itself further from earth? meaning its not completely in sync with the earth? with the right equipment and the panels that the astronauts put on the moon we can observe that phenomenon
Arctic lama
Arctic lama 11 օր առաջ
I clicked on this video only expecting to watch a couple minutes of it. I made sure to like and subscribe when it was done 👍
Fletcher Johnson
Fletcher Johnson 11 օր առաջ
It's pronounced pendulum not pendalum
Eric
Eric 11 օր առաջ
Oh you really don't need the cheap red arrow click bait on the thumbnail.
Кабаняра Клыков
I'm from Russia and I watch your videos, but I watch your videos from another channel that does Russian voice acting. But I still go to your channel looking for the right video and put a like. It was you who instilled in me a love for physics and I would like to say a huge thank you! You probably won't even read this comment, but I still want to write it. Thanks!
Ernest Gonzalez
Ernest Gonzalez 11 օր առաջ
i should be paying for this
Shawn Savage
Shawn Savage 12 օր առաջ
You can’t understand the whole with the sum of its parts unless you first know who made the parts.
Aarya Jain
Aarya Jain 7 օր առաջ
So I can't understand 10= 9+1 completely? Good to know
Shawn Savage
Shawn Savage 12 օր առաջ
Man if this doesn’t make you believe in God idk what will
Shawn Savage
Shawn Savage 12 օր առաջ
God made nature to function this way. How awesome is that!
Shawn Savage
Shawn Savage 12 օր առաջ
Without God there is no order, He sets everything in order!
Family Three
Family Three 12 օր առաջ
must be why iv never heard of or seen this bridge and work in london
Halima Nasrin
Halima Nasrin 12 օր առաջ
Outstanding demonstration , well said.
Fenrir
Fenrir 12 օր առաջ
Someone please share the secret of synchronization with the Windows OS, because for more than 15 years not a single Windows machine I've ever had has successfully sychronized with a time server, not even once.
Schwatzen zero
Schwatzen zero 12 օր առաջ
Me watching the video : 15:02
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